Past Perfect Tense

7. Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense adalah ungkapan untuk menekankan bahwa pekerjaan atau keadaan di masa lalu sudah selesai dilakukan sebelum pekerjaan lain dimulai di masa lalu.

Rumus Past Perfect Tense

Jenis Kalimat Rumus Past Perfect Tense
Positif S + Had + V-3 + O
Negatif S + Had + not + V-3 + O
Interogatif Had + S + V-3 + O?

Penggunaan Present Perfect Tense

  1. Harapan yang tidak terlaksana.
    Past perfect tense berguna untuk mengungkapkan harapan, niat, rencana yang tidak direalisasikan.
  2. Ketidakpuasan sesuatu di masa lalu.
    Past perfect sering digunakan untuk menunjukkan ketidakpuasan terhadap sesuatu di masa lalu. Kalimat nya biasa dimulai dengan I wish atau If only.
  3. Kejadian sebelum kejadian lain di masa lalu.
    Penggunaan terakhir dan utama dari past perfect tense adalah untuk menekankan bahwa satu kejadian di masa lalu terjadi sebelum kejadian lain di masa lalu.

Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

Contoh kalimat past perfect tense positif, negatif dan interogatif adalah :

  1. Positif.
    • I had closed the windows before I gone yesterday morning.
    • Siti said she had not already seen this film.
    • He asked if I had watch Titanic.
  • Negatif.
    • The car had not been used for years before we had it repaired.
    • She had not called her mother before she left this morning.
    • You might have been so tired when you stopped playing.
  • interogatif.
    • Had It been proved to be true before I checked it myself?
    • Had Zidane disappeared from football since 7 years ago?
    • Had you got some water after you took your pill that night?
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